This Toolkit is intended to inform educators, parents, and yet-to-be diagnosed females, transgendered and nonbinary individuals about an alternative presentation of autism. The ratio of males to females appears to be much lower than previously thought. Obstacles to diagnosing those who do not present with the male phenotype are revealed, and the overlap with sexual and gender minorities and with eating disorders are exposed. Problems with the classification system and diagnostic tools are illuminated and alternative tools are identified.
This article summarizes a study that found some families have multiple children with autism. Researchers suggest a genetic link to autism. This experience of having more than one child with autism can be complex as the experiences and needs of each individual with autism are unique.
This research summary discusses a study where the Broad Autism Phenotype (BAP) Questionnaire and the Student Adaptation to College Questionnaire were administered to post-secondary students. The researchers examined (1) adjustment to post-secondary education based on BAP scores, and (2) adjustment based on enrolment in science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) versus non-STEM fields.
The researchers surveyed mothers who have both typically-developing children and children with autism, as well as mothers whose children are not diagnosed with autism. Questionnaires addressed sibling psychological adjustment, broader autism phenotype in siblings, sibling relationship quality, maternal depressive symptoms, and the impact of the child with ASD on the family.